Instrumentation Amplifier Calculator

This calculator is designed to calculate important parameters used in the design of instrumentation amplifiers.

This calculator is designed to calculate important parameters used in the design of instrumentation amplifiers. Instrumentation amplifiers are high gain and low noise amplifiers used in precision measurement applications. This calculator helps the user to determine the gain of the amplifier, calculate resistance values and evaluate the performance of the circuit.

When using the online instrumentation amplifier calculator you can calculate by entering: Voltage (V1), Voltage (V2), Resistor (R1), Resistor (R2), Resistor (R3) and Resistor Gain (Rg).



Voltage (V1)
Voltage (V2)
Resistor (R1)
Resistor (R2)
Resistor (R3)
Resistor Gain (Rg)
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    Vo = (V2 - V1) \cdot \left(1 + \frac{{2 \cdot R1}}{{Rg}}\right) \cdot \frac{{R3}}{{R2}}


    • Vo = Output Voltage on Amp,
    • Rg = Resistor Gain


    How to Calculate Instrumentation Amplifier?

    Here are the steps to calculate the gain of an instrumentation amplifier:

    1. Determine Input and Output Resistances: As a first step, you need to determine the input and output resistances of the instrumentation amplifier. These resistances are the resistance values in the circuit and are usually determined by the design requirements.
    2. Gain Determination: Determine the gain of the instrumentation amplifier. Gain specifies how much the input signal is amplified at the output from the amplifier. This is determined based on the design requirements and the sensitivity of the application.
    3. Apply the formula: A specific formula is often used for gain because instrumentation amplification usually consists of differential amplifiers. Using these formulas you can calculate the gain along with the input and output resistances.
    4. Evaluate the Results: Carefully review the results obtained and make sure that they comply with the design requirements. If necessary, you can optimize your design by adjusting the gain or resistance values.
    5. Application in Practice: Design and implement the instrumentation amplifier using the calculated gain and resistance values. Remember to perform the necessary tests to ensure that the circuit works as expected in the real world.

    By following these steps, you can accurately calculate and design the gain of the instrumentation amplifier.

    What is an Instrumentation Amplifier?

    An instrumentation amplifier is a special type of amplifier used in precision measurement applications. They are usually designed to amplify low-level signals and minimize noise. These amplifiers offer high gain, high input resistance, low output resistance and low noise levels.

    Instrumentation amplifiers are widely used in measuring instruments, medical devices, industrial sensors, data acquisition systems and other precision measurement applications. They are especially favored in areas where weak and low-frequency signals must be reliably measured.

    These amplifiers usually have differential input structures, which helps eliminate ambient noise. They are also generally energy efficient with low current consumption. Instrumentation amplifiers play an important role in applications that require measurement precision, reliability and accuracy.

    Working Principle of the Instrumentation Amplifier

    The operating principle of instrumentation amplifiers is usually based on differential amplification. These amplifiers compare two input signals and amplify the difference between them.

    Basically, an instrumentation amplifier follows these steps:

    • Differentially Acquire Input Signals: An instrumentation amplifier receives input signals differentially. That is, there are two separate input signals: one positive and one negative. This is important to eliminate ambient noise and improve the signal-to-noise ratio.
    • Amplifying Signal Difference: The difference between the input signals is amplified at the output of the amplifier. This is usually accomplished through a series of amplification and filtering processes.
    • Providing Low Noise and High Gain: Instrumentation amplifiers are designed to provide low noise levels and high gains. This is important to ensure the desired signal quality for precision measurements.
    • Output Signal Processing: The amplifier delivers the amplified signal at the output. This signal is usually processed in the next stage, such as a data acquisition system, a microcontroller or a digital converter.

    Instrumentation amplifiers are used to reliably measure low-level signals in precision measurement applications by amplifying the difference between input signals. This enables accurate and precise measurements without being affected by ambient noise.

    Features and Advantages of the Instrumentation Amplifier

    The features and advantages of instrumentation amplifiers are as follows:

    High Gain: Instrumentation amplifiers generally provide high gain. This enables reliable amplification and measurement of low-level signals.

    Low Noise Levels: These amplifiers offer low noise levels. They enable precise measurements without being affected by ambient noise.

    High Input Resistance: Instrumentation amplifiers usually have a high input resistance. This allows low-level signals to be transmitted to the amplifier without being lost.

    Low Output Resistance: Amplifiers usually have low output resistance, which allows better matching with high impedance loads.

    Wide Bandwidth: Instrumentation amplifiers usually have wide bandwidth, which means they can operate over wide frequency ranges.

    Low Current Consumption: These amplifiers usually operate with low current consumption, which saves energy.

    High Sensitivity: Instrumentation amplifiers are designed for use in applications that require high precision. This ensures accurate and reliable measurements.

    Small Dimensions: They often have compact designs, which saves space and facilitates system integration.

    These features and benefits make instrumentation amplifiers the amplifier of choice in precision measurement applications.

    Uses of Instrumentation Amplifier Calculation

    The areas of use of instrumentation amplifier calculation are

    Bio-medicine and Medical Devices:

    In biomedical measurements, it is used for reliable measurement of low-level biological signals such as heartbeats, EEG signals, etc.

    Industrial Automation:

    Used for amplification and processing of weak signals from industrial sensors. For example, monitoring physical parameters such as temperature, pressure and flow.

    Scientific Research:

    Used for measuring low-level signals in laboratory experiments and scientific research in fields such as physics, chemistry and biology.


    Used for signal processing and amplification in telecommunication systems, fiber optic communications, antennas and radio frequency circuits.

    Test and Measurement Instruments:

    Used in electrical, electronic and mechanical test and measurement equipment. For example, devices such as oscilloscopes, data acquisition systems and spectrum analyzers.

    Aerospace Industry:

    Used in the aerospace industry to make precise measurements in flight systems and space exploration.

    Energy Industry:

    Used for monitoring and controlling energy systems such as power generators, transformers and power transmission lines.

    Automotive Industry:

    Used for signal processing and amplification in automobile electronics, engine control systems and telematics applications.

    These fields demonstrate the use of instrumentation amplifiers in a variety of applications and are widely used in many industrial and scientific fields that require precision measurement.